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Use of spices by human being has been recorded from pre-historic period. Archeologists estimate that by 50,000 B.C. primitive man had discovered that parts of certain aromatic plants help make food taste better. Spices were some of the most valuable items of trade since ancient time. References to spices have been found in Bible and other religious books and epics. Spices were the primary reason that Portuguese navigator Vasco Da Gama sailed to India.

Cinnamon and cassia were treasured spices. Medical documents of about 1550 BC record use of anise, caraway, cassia, cardamom, mustard, sesame, fenugreek, saffron and other spices by Egyptians. The spices were not only used to flavor foods but for body ointments, anointing oils and ceremonial functions including important burial rites.

For centuries, since 950 B.C. (or earlier), the Arabs were the masters of this lucrative trade. The Arabs kept rest of the buyer community completely in the dark about the source of many of the Oriental spices.  They bought their spices from the Indians and from Chinese and Javanese merchants but kept it secret and would tell fabricated tales of the dangers they faced in gathering the spices in mysterious far-off lands.

The Roman started sailing to India from Egypt in the first century AD. Romans carried back spices with them and became extravagant users of spices for perfumes, cosmetics, medicine and cooking.

Around the same time, the Silk Route came into use. This overland route from China varied in its track depending on the political stability and taxes. However, with Han emperors extending their control over the central Asia, the merchants traveled to Rome in relative safety, carrying with them silk, jewels, cassia, cumin and ginger.

Spices became a natural product extension for Pargan in its trading activities due to its presence in the spice growing nations and a good no. of clients also interested in buying spices.

Following are the details of spices dealt-in by Pargan:

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Black Pepper
Origin: Indonesia, Vietnam
White Pepper
Origin: Indonesia, Vietnam
Origin: Indonesia, Madagascar, Zanzibar
Coriander Seeds
Origin: Argentina, Ethiopia
Cassia (Grades: Whole, Split, Broken)
Origin: Indonesia, Vietnam
Origin: India, Vietnam
Long Pepper
Origin: Indonesia
Star Anise Seeds
Origin: Indonesia, Vietnam
Origin: Indonesia, Vietnam